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  • Writer's pictureKirsi TOPPARI

Enhancing Shopping Center Security Through Consumer Behaviour and Risk Management

Article written by Kirsi Toppari,

Senior Advisor, Cybersecurity, Hellenberg International

25 August 2023





Without risks to manage and threats to mitigate, life in business would be a lot easier.


As complexity increases and attacks become more available and sophisticated, it is increasingly important to identify risk factors and emphasise preparedness and cooperation with the emergency services.

Businesses in all sectors lack the up-to-date and relevant information they need to manage related risks and this change will only happen through joint exercises and information sharing.

In the dynamic landscape of business, risks and threats are inevitable challenges that demand proactive management. As the world becomes more interconnected and threats grow in sophistication, it’s essential to identify risk factors and prioritise preparedness. This extends to cooperation with emergency services and sharing information for collective security. While understanding consumer behaviour is pivotal for the success and safety of shopping centers, the omission of consumer behaviour studies alone isn’t a direct path to acts of terrorism. Terrorism is a complex issue driven by multifaceted factors. This article explores the interplay between consumer behaviour and security, shedding light on the potential connections between criminal activities and consumer behaviour in shopping centers.




Consumer Behavior’s Role in Security

Consumer behaviour studies aren’t solely about optimising operations; they also impact risk assessment, emergency preparedness, and crime prevention. While consumer behaviour alone isn’t a primary driver of terrorism, criminals, including terrorists, might exploit crowded spaces based on behavioural patterns. Understanding these patterns is crucial for addressing security challenges:

  1. Consumer Behavior as a Blueprint: Criminals may observe consumer patterns to select optimal targets for their actions. Factors such as peak hours, crowded areas, and behaviour during events inform potential criminal strategies.

  2. Maximising Impact: Terrorists are known to exploit crowded places like shopping centers to maximise the impact of their attacks. Knowledge of consumer behaviour helps predict peak times and areas, aiding security planning.

  3. Effective Security Measures: Informed by consumer behaviour, security measures can be optimised for deterrence and response. Weaknesses in access control, surveillance, and emergency response plans can be addressed proactively.

  4. Criminal Intent and Motivation: While understanding consumer behaviour is crucial, it doesn’t determine the motivations behind acts of terrorism. Ideological, political, and extremist factors drive terrorism, transcending the scope of consumer insights.

  5. Public Awareness and Vigilance: Educating shoppers about emergency procedures, security measures, and reporting suspicious activities can foster a more vigilant community, aiding in threat detection.


Consumer Behavior and Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis

Drawing parallels between criminal activities, including terrorism, and consumer behaviour in shopping centers highlights critical considerations:

  1. Target Selection: Criminals may exploit behavioural patterns in crowded areas. Terrorists may choose targets based on patterns but are driven by ideological, political, or extremist motivations.

  2. Exploiting Vulnerabilities: Both criminals and terrorists may exploit security vulnerabilities. Consumer behaviour can help anticipate where vulnerabilities might be exploited.

  3. Security Countermeasures: Informed security measures can deter both criminals and terrorists. While criminals may exploit security gaps, terrorists aim to disrupt society and create chaos.

  4. Random vs. Planned Attacks: Acts of terrorism vary from opportunistic to meticulously planned. Consumer behaviour informs the potential timing and locations, but attacks are rooted in deeper motives.

  5. Risk Mitigation: Both criminals and terrorists can be deterred through informed strategies. Understanding behaviour informs safety measures and contributes to mitigating threats.

  6. Intelligence Sharing: Collaboration with law enforcement agencies can identify potential threats. While consumer behaviour might hint at potential targets, the broader intelligence landscape is crucial.

  7. Public Awareness: Educated and vigilant communities can contribute to safer environments, but terrorism’s underlying causes are complex and multifaceted.


Focus on risk management and preparedness

Consumer behaviour undoubtedly shapes the operation, design, and safety of shopping centers. However, it’s essential to acknowledge that terrorism is driven by complex motivations, transcending consumer behaviour patterns. While terrorists might exploit consumer behaviour and crowded spaces, their intentions are deeply ideological and political. To bolster security against such threats, shopping centers must amalgamate consumer behaviour insights with intelligence sharing, security measures, and public awareness campaigns. The collaboration between understanding consumer behaviour and comprehensive security strategies creates an environment that ensures the safety and prosperity of shopping centers. With a focus on risk management and preparedness, shopping centers can continue to thrive amidst the ever-evolving landscape of risks and threats.



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